Varela-Ortega, Consuelo

Fax: (+34) 913365797

Skype: consuelovarela

Full Professor

Department of Agricultural Economics, Statistics and Management

School of Agricultural Engineering

Universidad Politécnica de Madrid


Research areas

Analysis and evaluation of agricultural and environmental policies

Natural resource economics and management

Water economics and policy

Analysis of impacts and vulnerability to climate change in the agricultural sector.  Adaptation and mitigation strategies



PhD in Agricultural Engineering


Recent articles (last 5 years)

  • Zorrilla P., Carmona G., de la Hera A., Varela-Ortega C., Martínez Santos P., Bromley J. and Henriksen H.J. (2010). Evaluation of Bayesian Networks in Participatory Water Resources Management, Upper Guadiana Basin, Spain. Ecology and Society, 15 (3), 12. [online] URL:
  • Krysanova, V., Dickens, C., Timmerman, J., Varela-Ortega, C., Schlüter, M.,  Roest, K.,  Huntjens, P., Jaspers, F., Buiteveld, H., Moreno, E., de Pedraza Carrera, J., Slámová, R., Martinkova, M., Blanco, I., Esteve, P., Pringle, K., Pahl-Wostl, C. and Kabat, P. (2010). Cross-comparison of climate change adaptation strategies across large river basins in Europe, Africa and Asia. Water Resources Management, Vol. 24 (14) (pp. 4121-4160) DOI 10.1007/s11269-010-9650-8
  • Carmona C., Varela-Ortega C. and Bromley, J. (2011) The use of participatory object-oriented Bayesian networks and agro-economic models for groundwater management in Spain. Water Resources Management, 25 (5): 1509-1524. DOI: 10.1007/s11269-010-9757-y.
  • Blanco, I., Varela Ortega, C. and Flichman, G. (2011) Cost-effectiveness of Water Conservation Measures: A Multi-level Analysis with Policy Implications. Agricultural Water Management,  98,  639–652. DOI: 10.1016/j.agwat.2010.10.013.
  • Varela-Ortega, C., Blanco, I., Swartz, H.C. and Downing, T.E. (2011) Balancing ecosystem conservation and rural livelihoods under water and climate uncertainties: An integrated hydro-economic modeling framework. Global Environmental Change: human and policy dimensions. 21, 604-619. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2010.12.001H
  • Carmona, G., Molina, J. L., Bromley, J., Varela Ortega, C., García-Aróstegui, J.L., (2011). Object-oriented Bayesian networks for participatory water management: two case studies in Spain. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 137: 366-377. DOI: 1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000116
  • Carmona, G., Varela-Ortega, C., Bromley, J., (2013). Supporting decision making under uncertainty: Development of a participatory integrated model for water management in the middle Guadiana river basin. Environmental Modelling & Software, 50: 144-157. DOI:
  • Carmona, G., Varela-Ortega, C., Bromley, J., (2013). Participatory modelling to support decision making in water management under uncertainty: Two comparative case studies in the Guadiana river basin, Spain. Journal of Environmental Management, 128: 402-412. DOI:
  • Blanco-Gutiérrez, I., Varela-Ortega, C., Purkey, D. (2013). Integrated assessment of policy interventions for promoting sustainable irrigation in semi-arid environments: A hydro-economic modeling approach. Journal of Environmental Management 128, 144-160 (doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.04.037).
  • Scott, C., Vicuña, S., Blanco-Gutiérrez, I., Meza, F. and Varela-Ortega, C. (2014). Irrigation efficiency and water-policy implications for river-basin resilience. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 18, 1-10. (DOI:10.5194/hess-18-1-2014)
  • Blanco Gutierrez, I., Esteve, P., Varela Ortega, C. (2015) Retos de la planificación hidrológica y la aplicación de la Directiva Marco del Agua en la cuenca del Guadiana. Revista Ambienta, nº 110, 94-107. Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. ISSN 1577949 – 1
  • Esteve, P., Varela-Ortega, C., Blanco-Gutiérrez, I., Downing, T. (2015) A hydro-economic model for the assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation in irrigation agriculture. Ecological Economics, 120, 49–58. (DOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.09.017)
  • Varela-Ortega, C., Blanco-Gutiérrez, I., Bharwani, S., Esteve, P., Fronzek, S., and Downing, TE. (2016). How can irrigation agriculture adapt to climate change? Insights from the Guadiana basin in Spain. In: Hinkel, J., Swart, R., Bisaro, S. (Guest eds) Approaches to problem-oriented adaptation research. Special Issue. Regional Environmental Change 16(1), 59-70. (DOI:10.1007/s10113-014-0720-y)


Participation in research projects (latest projects)

  • Methodology for Effective Decision-making on Impacts and AdaptaTION to Climate Change (MEDIATION). Collaborative Project. European Commission (DG Research – FP7 – Environment). (nº 244012). (2010-2013)
  • Prospective analysis for the Mediterranean region (MEDPRO). Collaborative Project. European Commission (DG Research – FP7 – Socio-economic Sciences). (nº 244578). (2010-2013)
  • Role Of Biodiversity In climate change mitigatioN (ROBIN). Large collaborative project. European Commission (DG Research – FP7 – Environment) (nº ENV 2011.2.1.4-1283093). (2011-2015)
  • Biodiversidad y bienestar humano ante el cambio global en áreas tropicales protegidas de América Latina. Proyecto-semilla de Investigación y Desarrollo (nº AL13-PID-18). Ayudas para la realización de actividades con América Latina. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Vicerrectorado de Relaciones Internacionales). (2013-2014)
  • Biodiversidad y cambio climático en la Amazonía: perspectivas socio-económicas y ambientales. Project No.: AL14-PID-12. UPM Grants for activities with Latin American countries. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, International Relations Office. (2014-2015)
  • Development of high quality food protein from multi-purpose crops through optimized, sustainable production and processing methods (PROTEIN2FOOD). Research and Innovation action. European Commission (DG Research–H2020 Societal Challenge Agriculture and Biotechnology) (nº 635727-2) (2015-2020)
  • Perspectivas socio-económicas y ambientales de la producción de cultivos de alto valor proteico en América Latina. Project No. AL16-PID-09. UPM Grants for activities with Latin American countries. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, International Relations Office. (2016-2017)
  • Integration of environmental protection considerations in agriculture. EuropeanCommission (DG Environement) (nº ENV.B.l/SER/2015/0038) (2016-2019)
  • DevelopMent AnD application of integrated technological and management solutionsFOR wasteWATER treatment and efficient reuse in agriculture tailored to the needs ofMediterranean African Countries (MADFORWATER). Research and Innovation action. European Commission (DG Research – H2020 Societal Challenge Climate Action, Environment, Resource Efficiency and Raw Materials) (nº 688320) (2016-2020)



See full CV here