The communication and migration patterns of a country are shaped by its socioeconomic processes. The economy of Senegal is predominantly rural, as agriculture employs over 70% of the labor force. In this paper, the research is based on the mobile phone records in order to explore the impact of agricultural activity on the communication and mobility patterns of the inhabitants of Senegal.
There are two peaks of phone calls activity emerging during the growing season. Moreover, during the harvest period, it has been detected an increase in the migration flows throughout the country. However, religious holidays also shape the mobility patterns of the Senegalese people. Hence, in the light of the results, agricultural activity and religious holidays are the primary drivers of mobility inside the country.
The researchers: S. Martin-Gutierrez, J. Borondo, A. J. Morales, J. C. Losada y M. Benito, Grupo de Sistemas Complejos, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid and Ana María Tarquis, CEIGRAM, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid have taken part in the study.